Essay English For Science And Technology

Science is a systematic way which involves observation and experimentation in order to get knowledge and improve skill; whereas, technology is the practical application of science which helps in improving the quality of life.

Essay on Science and Technology

New inventions in the field of science and technology play great role in the daily lives of people and making their life style advance. In order to keep students up-do-date and check their general knowledge about new inventions, they are given this topic to write essay on science and technology. Here we have provided some simple science and technology essay to help students to do better in their essay writing competition.

Science and Technology Essay 1 (100 words)

Advancement in the science and technology in many areas has made the lives of people more advance than the ancient time. Advancement in the science and technology is directly and positively affecting the people’s way of living on one hand however it is also affecting indirectly and negatively on the people’s health on the other hand. New inventions in the field of science and technology are very necessary in such a modern world for a country to be strong and well developed country than other countries. In this competitive world, we need more technology to go ahead and become a successful person in the life.

Science and Technology Essay 2 (150 words)

Development, whether it is human development or country development, is linked to the proper growth and development of the technology in many ways. Technological advancement happens when there become new inventions in the science by highly skilled and professional scientists. We can say that technology, science and development are equally proportional to each other. Development in the science and technology is very necessary for the people of any nation to go hand in hand together by the people of other countries. Development of the science and technology depends on the analysis and proper understanding of facts. Development of technology depends on the way of application of various scientific knowledge in right direction.

In order to enhance the economy and betterment of the people of any nation, up-to-date knowledge, technology, science, and engineering are the fundamental requisites. A nation can be backward and the chances of being developed country become minimal in the lack of science and technology.


Science and Technology Essay 3 (200 words)

As we all know that we live in the age of science and technology. The life of every one of us is highly depends on the scientific inventions and modern day technologies. Science and technology has changed the lives of people to a great extent. It has made life easy, simple and fast. In the new era, the science development has become a necessity to finish the era of bullock cart and bring the trend of motorized vehicles. Science and technologies have been implemented to the every aspect of modernization in every nation. Modern gadgets have been introduced to every walk of life and have solved almost all the problems. It was not possible to have all the benefits of it without implementing it in the sectors like medicines, education, infrastructure, electricity, aviation, information technology and other field.

What improvement we are seeing in our life on daily basis is because of the science and technologies. For the proper growth and development of the country, it is very necessary to go science and technology hand in hand. Villages are getting developed to towns and towns to cities thus expanding the greater horizons of economy. Our country India is a fast developing country in the sense of science and technology.

Science and Technology Essay 4 (250 words)

Science and technology has become a debated topic in the society. On one hand, it is necessary for the modern life where other countries are continuously developing in the field of science and technology. It becomes very necessary for other countries too to grow in the same way to be strong and well developed like other countries for the future safety and security. It is science and technology which helps other weak countries to develop and be strong. We have to take support of science and technology forever to improve the way of life for the betterment of mankind. If we do not take the help of technologies such as computer, internet, electricity, etc we cannot be economically strong in the future and would be backward forever even we cannot survive in such a competitive and technological world.

Advancement in the field of medical, agriculture, education, economy, sports, games, jobs, tourism, etc are the examples of science and technology. All such advancements show us that how both are equally beneficial for our life. We can see a clear difference in our life style while matching the ancient and modern way of life. High level of scientific and technological advancement in the field of medicine has made easy the treatment of various lethal diseases which was earlier not possible. It has helped a lot to the doctors to find effective ways to cure diseases through medicine or operations as well as research vaccines to cure diseases such as cancer, AIDS, diabetes, Alzheimer’s, Leukemia, etc.


Science and Technology Essay 5 (300 words)

The implication of science and technology to the people’s life is very old from the time of Indus Valley Civilization. It was almost first invention when came to know about fire and wheel. Both of the inventions are considered as the mother of all the technological innovations of the modern time. Through the invention of fire people knew about the power of energy first time. Since then, people’s curiosity was increased and they started trying their hard to research about various measures to make life style easy and simple.

India is a most famous country all over the world from the ancient time however after its slavery by the British rule, it had lost its recognition and strength. After getting freedom in 1947, it again had started getting its lost recognition in the crowd. It is the science and technology which has helped India to get its real recognition all over the world. India has become a highly growing country through the new inventions in science and technological advancement. Science and technologies are playing great role in meeting the needs and requirements of the modern people.

Some examples of the advancement in the technologies are establishment of railway system, metro system, railway reservation system, internet, super computers, mobiles, smart phones, online access of people in almost every area, etc. Government of India is creating more opportunity to the space organization and several academic institutions (Indian Association for the Advancement of Science) for the better technological growth and development in the country. Some of the renowned scientists of the India who have made possible the technological advancement in India (through their notable scientific researches in the various fields) are Sir J. C. Bose, S. N. Bose, C. V. Raman, Dr. Homi J. Bhabha, Srinivasa Ramanujan, father of India’s nuclear power, Dr. Har Govind Singh Khorana, Vikram Sarabhai, etc.

Science and Technology Essay 6 (400 words)

Science and technology plays vital role in the modern life and profoundly influenced the course of human civilization. Technological advancement in the modern life has provided us lots of remarkable insights all over the world. Scientific revolutions has taken its full speed from the 20th century and has become more advance in the 21st century. We have entered to the new century in new ways and with all the arrangements for well being of the people. Modern culture and civilization has become dependent over the science and technologies as they have become integral part of life according to the need and requirement of the people.

India has become an important source of the creative and foundational scientific developments and approaches all across the world. All the great scientific discoveries and technological achievements in our country have improved the Indian economic status and have created many new ways to the new generations to grow in the technologically advanced environment. There are many new scientific researches and development have been possible in the field of Mathematics, Architecture, Chemistry, Astronomy, Medicine, Metallurgy, Natural Philosophy, physics, agriculture, health care, pharmaceuticals, astrophysics, nuclear energy, space technology, applications, defense research, biotechnology, information technology, electronics, oceanography and other areas.

Introduction of scientific researches, ideas and techniques to the field of education has brought a huge level of positive change in the new generation and provided them variety of new and innovative opportunities to work in the field of their own interest. Modem science in India has been awakened by the continuous and hard efforts of the outstanding scientists. Scientists in India are great who have made possible the scientific advances of highest international calibre.

Technological development in any filed enhances the economy of any nation. In order to improve the power of science and technology in India, Indian government has made Council of Scientific and Industrial Research in the year 1942 and Board of Scientific and Industrial Research in the year 1940. In order to emphasize the growth of science and technology in the country, Indian government has established a chain of national laboratories and research institutes in various regions.

After the independence, our country has been involved in the promotion of spread of science for the national development. Variety of policies made by the government has emphasized the self-sufficiency and sustainable growth and development all through the country. Both science and technology have impacted the economic growth and social development in the country in extraordinary manner.

Let’s put your English skills under a microscope.

What do you see?

Do you have the vocabulary you need to succeed in your field? How about confidence reading English research papers, or discussing the latest findings with English-speaking colleagues?

If you don’t see these qualities yet, don’t worry.

It’s completely normal to feel overwhelmed by English scientific speech and writing—even for many native English speakers! The most important thing is to find the right tools to build your skills, so you can do your work without worrying about language.

In this post, we’ll show you a range of resources that’ll teach you English across many different scientific and technology-related fields.

They’ll boost your reading, listening, writing and speaking skills so you can excel in your studies and your career.


Tips for Using English in School and Research

Are you learning English for science so you can complete your classes? Are you hoping to join a research lab in an English-speaking environment? Do you just want to read English research articles?

Getting comfortable with English in school and research settings will help you achieve these and many other professional goals. Here’s how:

  • Learn how to overcome the biggest obstacles of learning English for academic purposes.This article will show you how, so that you’ll be comfortable using English in a university setting—which is important whether you’re a student or you’re hoping to work as a researcher with university funding.
  • Learn key acronyms in the field. For this article, we’ll be using the acronyms STEM and EST.

STEM stands for “Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics.” It’s a term used in reference to the study or discussion of any of these subjects.

EST stands for “English for Science and Technology.” It refers to the English a non-native English speaker must learn to study and talk about STEM.

  • Learn English suffixes commonly used in science. A suffix is an ending that can be added to a word to show that it belongs to a certain category. Here are some examples widely used in science and technology:

“-ology” — This suffix refers to the study of something. For example, “biology” is the study of organisms, “meteorology,” is the study of weather patterns, “sociology” is the study of societies and so on.

“-onomy” — This suffix refers to a system of rules. It can also mean the body of knowledge on a particular subject. Some examples are “economy,” the rules of money and money systems and “astronomy,” the body of knowledge or laws behind space and the stars.

  • Try these steps for self-studying English. These will help you engage with the resources listed below, and move forward on your path to learning vocabulary and grammar related to your field of study.

Eureka! The 17 Best Tools That Teach English for Science and Technology

Okay, now let’s look at some materials to help you read, listen to, write and speak about scientific topics in English.

MOOCs for EST and STEM

MOOCs are Massive Open Online Courses. They’re typically affordable (sometimes free) and are created by top universities and institutions around the world. The material they teach is almost exactly what’s taught in university classrooms. That means you get a high-quality education—plus exposure to an English classroom environment—all from the comfort of your home.

There are also plenty of science-focused MOOCs for both English learners and native speakers. Some of them have class and assignment schedules you need to follow, while others can be completed on your own time. Some MOOCs also offer certificates when you complete the course, which is good to add to your resume.

IELTS Vocabulary for Science

Hosted by: Udemy

Created by: English Teacher Charles Cornelius

Cost: $100, although significant discounts are sometimes offered

Duration: Self-paced

Level: Beginner to intermediate

Topics covered: This course focuses specifically on science vocabulary found on the IELTS exam for studying or working in English-speaking regions. However, even if you don’t plan to take the IELTS, you can still use the course to learn essential scientific vocabulary.

The MOOC comes with quizzes, essay topics you can respond to and other materials that’ll help you build your EST vocabulary.

Introduction to Scientific Writing for Publication

Hosted by: Canvas Network

Created by: The University of Oregon

Cost: Free

Duration: Four weeks—course materials will still be available to Canvas Network members even after the course period

Level: Advanced

Topics covered: This course prepares your writing to be published in English-language science publications. You’ll work with the proper grammar structures and vocabulary used in scientific writing.

You’ll also learn about plagiarism (writing copied from other sources) and what you can do to avoid it.

English for Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics

Hosted by: Coursera

Created by: The University of Pennsylvania

Cost: Free

Duration: Five weeks

Level: Intermediate

Topics covered: This course (designed for non-native English speakers) focuses on climate change and the current research and discussions around this issue. It also discusses technology that’s being used in relation to climate change and new energy systems.

The MOOC provides specific vocabulary for engaging with these topics. You’ll learn cause-and-effect language and practice making comparisons in English. There are quizzes, video lectures, readings and discussion questions to help guide you through the lessons.

EST Textbooks and Handbooks

These books have been written for non-native English speakers who are learning EST for the first time or for academic purposes.

“Essential English for Science and Technology”

From Oxford University Press, this book covers a general overview of basic scientific terms that would be used in the university classroom.

“The Handbook for English for Specific Purposes”

A comprehensive handbook that talks about English for all specific purposes. It also includes a section on EST and the grammar and vocabulary that goes with it.

“Cambridge English for Scientists”

This book focuses on multiple language skills by giving you prompts to speak about when you’re finished with the reading and listening exercises. It also comes with an audio CD.

Science and Technology Magazines and Blogs

These are magazines and blogs that cover only science and technology, in often fun and interesting ways. Each of these has articles that explore issues in science and technology from unique perspectives, which lets you think about and learn about them from different angles.

Read these to improve your English comprehension while staying up-to-date on the latest research.

Discover Magazine

Level: Intermediate to advanced

Vocabulary focus: There are many topics covered in this magazine so you can target any vocabulary goal. Just go to the menu on the homepage and select the field you need to practice. There’s “Health and Medicine,” “Space and Physics,” “Environment” and more.

About: Discover will point you to research from essential English-language scientific journals. Since there are many different topics covered, it’s a great way to test your overall English and English for science knowledge. There’s even a podcast as well so you can also practice your listening skills.

Popular Science

Level: Intermediate to advanced

Vocabulary focus: This is another great option for general science vocabulary improvement, but it’s especially useful for introducing you to essential technology vocabulary.

About: This magazine is great for staying on top of news from the science world. You’ll also get perspectives on other fields that use science research, like the military or technology retail.

National Geographic

Level: Intermediate

Vocabulary focus: The natural world, animals, anthropology terms and words used to talk about ancient civilizations.

About: Known for its award-winning photography, National Geographic mostly covers natural science stories. It creates a portrait of the natural world, including human beings, beautifully. And because the magazine uses photography, the images can help you better understand the articles.

Psychology Today

Level: Advanced

Vocabulary focus: Themes of psychology, psychiatry and sociology. Good for learning how to construct sentences using statistics.

About: As the name suggests, this magazine discusses psychology in a way that’s relevant to everyday lives. Most articles are well-researched and written by working psychologists, psychiatrists and doctors.

The Science and Technology Section

Almost all major English magazines and newspapers have a dedicated section for science and technology. The writing here will be best suited for beginners, since the magazines and newspapers are writing for a wide audience in plain language. The vocabulary focus will shift with every story, so it’s great for learning new words from many different fields.

Here are a few that are most notable:

The New York Times

This science and technology section includes commentary about the latest research studies. There is also news connecting science and technology to politics and economics.

The Economist

In comparison with The New York Times, the science and technology section of The Economist focuses more on updates in research and how they might affect everyday life.


The BBC has tons of podcasts for science, technology and nature to practice your English for science listening skills. (If you plan to study or work in the U.K., this is a nice option for learning the British accent.) They also have a science section you can read and a technology section you can read.

Like The New York Times, The BBC is also mainly focused on news and updates in these fields.

Science and Technology Videos

Crash Course

Level: Intermediate

Vocabulary focus: Physics, computer science, astronomy, ecology, biology and more.

About: Crash Course has short videos on many topics, but their science and technology videos review basic scientific concepts in an easy-to-understand way. The visuals will help you remember the vocabulary you learn from these short videos.


Level: Beginner to advanced

Vocabulary focus: Natural science, technology, coding, the environment, space travel and many other topics.

About: To master English for science, you need to learn more than the right words and grammar. You also need to learn how to use them the way native speakers do. That’s what will give you the confidence to give presentations, deliver lectures and debate with your colleagues. FluentU is an excellent resource for achieving those goals.

FluentU provides authentic English videos covering many different topics, which have been supercharged with vocabulary building tools. Each video comes with interactive captions you can use to get in-context definitions and pronunciations of any word you don’t recognize. After you watch a video, FluentU provides flashcards and exercises to test you on the language concepts you just learned.

You’ll be actively building your English skills while learning about interesting ideas and science news. Plus, FluentU has tons of other videos from the worlds of politics, health, entertainment and more, so you can get some more general English practice as well.

Best of all, you can take your learning anywhere with FluentU! Use the mobile app to keep learning on your commute, your lunch break or any other time.

Periodic Videos

Level: Intermediate to advanced

Vocabulary focus: Chemistry

About: This is a channel about chemistry and, as the title shows, the elements. It also has videos about molecules, compounds of chemistry and experiments.

In the videos, the creators do their experiments while explaining them, helping you better understand the actions as well as the vocabulary.

Minute Physics

Level: Intermediate to advanced

Vocabulary focus: Physics

About: Another aptly-named channel! This one discusses concepts related to physics in illustrated videos that are quite short—about one to five minutes long—so the narrator speaks quickly.

The illustrations help you visualize the concepts, but if you’re an intermediate learner, it’s best to watch with subtitles or repeat the video more than once.


Just remember, when you’re choosing your resources, think about the type of science you’d like to focus on and find material that’s the most relevant to that subject. Don’t try to learn everything all at once! Start with one topic you really like. Most importantly, remember to have fun. Science and technology are about exploring the world. So why not have fun while discovering something new?

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