Comparing Christianity and Islam:
the world's two largest religions
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are three closely related religions. Because they all revere Abraham and certain other patriarchs mentioned in the Hebrew Scriptures (the Torah), Christian Scriptures (Old and New Testaments) and Qur'an as their spiritual ancestors, they are sometimes called Abrahamic religions.The Baha'i Faith is sometimes also included in this grouping. Christians generally view it as a new, small, world religion, as do Baha'is. Many Muslims view it as an Islamic heresy.
This section of the website contains essays that give a very brief description of similarities and differences between Christianity and Islam. However it is important to realize that there are many different traditions within Islam and many thousands of different traditions within Christianity. Thus, one can precisely compare and contrast only one Christian tradition with one Islamic tradition. To do that thoroughly would require tens of thousands or hundreds of thousands of essays -- a task well beyond the resources of this web site.
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Copyright © 2001 to 2011 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Originally written: 2001-AUG-4
Latest update: 2011-JAN-24
Author: B.A. Robinson
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Compare Islam With Christianity Essay
Compare Islam with Christianity
With a world following of over 2 billion and 1.3 billion respectively, Christianity and Islam are without doubt the most popular religions that have had and still do have the most profound influence in the progression of history. Geisler and Saleeb state that even with the massive adherents, it is still astounding the menace of intolerance and mutual distrust among the two religions (207). While these differences inherentlyhave their roots in history, truth be told, many Christians and Muslims know little about their religions. Consequently, these misconceptions have been used as the basis to hold and propagate misleading and mistaken ideas about their religions without valid grounds.
The purpose of this paper is to explore the comparison between these two religions and by studying the two sacred books, hadiths and other sources of information with an intention of ascertaining that while there are many irreconcilabledifferencesbetween Christianity and Islam, ultimately, these two religions are by far the most similar of all religions and that their similarities in beliefs and values far transcend the differences in expansion that the world has witnessed over the years.
Both Christianity and Islam originated from the Middle East.According to Broedel, the two religions have their roots in Judaism; a monotheist religion which greatly influenced not only Islam and Christianity but also other religions of the world (“The Koran, the Torah and the Gospel”).*
Among other beliefs, both religions inherently believe in the existence of one true God (King James BibleIs. 4.46; Al-Quran Surah 5:76).Moreover, Christians and Muslims believe that good deeds on earth will lead one to heaven or paradise as is the case with Muslims while the place for the evil is hell. They both hold the bible and the Quranas their sacred books which they believe to be God’s own true words. Jesus Christ and Muhammad are believed to be the messengers of God.
More so, the two religions share their similarities in their divisions. While Christians are divided into three major branches namely Catholic, the Protestants and the Orthodox, Islam on the other hand has the Sunni and Shiite as its major branches.
2.0 The difference
In spite of the vast similarities between the two religions, there are quite a substantial number of disparities existing between them. The inherent difference between the two religions lies mostly in their expansion. Geisler points out that during the initial centuries following its establishment,Christianity was spread mainly in the urban areas owing to the...
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